Housing and quality of life in South Africa.
- Residents living in informal settlements tend to face exclusion from public facilities and are very vulnerable to the natural elements, crime and disease.
- Informal settlements tend to lack access to basic social facilities such as clinics, libraries, schools and sporting facilities.
- Within the townships most of the residents are living in small corrugated iron shacks measuring about 9ft x 9ft.
- Few have running water in their homes and most are forced to share outside sanitation facilities.
- There are several difficulties that arise from living in these inadequate conditions such as leaks, cold and damp, infestations, overcrowding, lack of security and risk of fire.
- This living environment also contributes to a wide range of health problems including respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases and chronic diseases.
South African Statistics
- Population: 46.9 million.
- Life expectancy at birth: M/F (years): 50/53.
- Infant mortality: 53 (per 1,000 live births).
- People living with HIV: 5.7 million.
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